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THE THREE ARMS OF GOVERNMENT
The government of Sierra Leone is the governing authority of the Republic of Sierra Leone, as established by the Sierra Leone Constitution. The Sierra Leone government is divided into three branches: the executive, legislative and the judicial. The seat of government of Sierra Leone is in the capital Freetown.
The government of Sierra Leone takes place in a framework, whereby the President of Sierra Leone is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the president. Legislative power is vested in by the Parliament of Sierra Leone.
The judiciary of Sierra Leone is independent of the executive and the legislature. Civil rights and freedom of religion are respected. A critical press continues to operate, although the government has intervened for alleged inaccurate reporting, using the 1965 Public Order Act which criminalizes libel.
|The President||H.E Brigadier (Rtd.) Julius Maada Bio||SLPP||4TH April 2018|
|The Vice President||Dr. Mohamed Juldeh Jalloh||SLPP||4TH April 2018|
|COMPOSITION OF PARLIAMENT||SUMMONING, PROROGATION AND DISSOLUTION|
|PROCEDURE OF PARLIAMENT||RESPONSIBILITIES, PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES (Members of Parliament)|
|RESPONSIBILITIES, PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES (Power to make laws)||FINANCE|
|The Honorable Chief Justice||Justice Desmond Babatunde Edwards|
The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term; the run-off elections were last held on the 31st March 2018, Kamara, Samura Mathew Wilson, of the All People’s Congress, had 49.19% of the votes; whilst Bio, Julius Maada, of the SLPP party had 51.81% of the votes and was duly elected as President of the Republic of Sierra Leone. The president’s tenure of office is limited to two five-year terms.
Section 40 of the 1991 Constitution of Sierra Leone states that, the supreme executive authority shall be vested in the President of the Republic of Sierra Leone, who shall also be the Head of State and the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is described as the Fountain of Honour and Justice and the symbol of national unity and sovereignty- Section 40(3).
Section 40(4) outlines the responsibility of the President for certain key issues:
* All constitutional matters concerning legislation
* Relations with foreign states
* The reception with foreign envoys and the appointment of principal representatives of Sierra Leone abroad
* The execution of treaties, agreements or conventions in the name of Sierra Leone
* Exercising the Prerogative of Mercy
* The grant of honors and awards
* Declaration of war
* Such other matters as may be referred to the president by Parliament.
* However, this is in addition to the other functions conferred upon the President in the Constitution.
For qualification to be elected President, a person should possess the following characteristics:
* Should be a citizen of Sierra Leone
* Should be a member of a political party
* Should have attained the age of 40 years
* Should be otherwise qualified to be elected as a Member of Parliament.
Section 54(1) creates the office of the Vice President who is the Principal Assistant to the President in the discharge of his executive functions. Section 56(1) of the Constitution provides for such other offices of Ministers and Deputy Ministers as may be established by the President with the proviso that no Member of Parliament shall be appointed as Minister or Deputy Minister.
Section 53(1) vests executive power in the President, which may be exercised by him directly or through Ministers, Deputy Ministers or Public Officers subordinate to him.
The executive function embraces the direction of the general policy of the government. This includes the initiation of legislation, the maintenance of law and order and the promotion of social and economic welfare and to a large extent all administration though some public services are administered not by government departments but by local authorities and independent statutory bodies.
The tenure of the Office of the President is dealt with in Section 46(1) of the 1991 Constitution. It is thereby provided that no person shall hold office as President for more than two 5-year terms, whether or not the terms are consecutive.
COMPOSITION OF PARLIAMENT
Establishment of Parliament